TeX to html

December 14, 2023 (4mo ago)

We will make use of make4ht and pdf2svg to convert the tex document to web html.

  1. Convert all the images (xyz-eps-converted-to-pdf.pdf) to svg/png formats. we will use a bash script prep.sh that uses pdf2svg to convert images to svg format. The following command converts all the pdfs inside figures folder to svg.

    bash prep.sh "figures/*.pdf"
# prep.sh
  set -x
  for file in $1; do
  pdfcrop --margins 10 --clip "$filename.pdf" "$filename.pdf"
  pdf2svg "$filename.pdf" "$filename.svg"
  1. Conversion of tex to html

Now run the following command that will convert example.tex to a html file example.html along with example.css.

  • with mathjax (preferred)
    make4ht -f html5 example.tex "mathjax"
  • without mathjax (using svgs for images) or using custom configuration file my.cfg
    make4ht --lua -u -c my.cfg -e main.mk4 example.tex "htm,pic-align,notoc*"
  1. Debug the html file
  • if content after image is shrinking, search for <figure> commands and replace those with <div>.

  • use svgs for image sources and fix sizes of <img>.

  • fix references and labels \label{label1} for labeling and \(\ref{label1}\) for equations references.

  • Custom stylesheet (why not? )

  • Make long mathjax equations responsive for mobile.

    body {
      overflow-x: hidden;
      padding: 0.25em;
    mjx-container[display="true"] {
      overflow-x: auto !important;
      overflow-y: hidden !important;
      max-width: 100% !important;
    @media only screen and (max-width: 600px) {
      .MathJax_SVG_Display {
        padding: 0.25em;
        overflow-x: auto !important;
        overflow-y: hidden;
      .MathJax {
        min-width: 0 !important;
        /* padding: 8px 7px 5px 15px; */
        border-radius: 7px;
      :root {
        --scroll-bar-color: #c5c5c5;
        --scroll-bar-bg-color: #f6f6f6;
      ::-webkit-scrollbar-corner {
        background: rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.5);
      * {
        scrollbar-width: thin;
        scrollbar-color: var(--scroll-bar-color) var(--scroll-bar-bg-color);
      /* Works on Chrome, Edge, and Safari */
      *::-webkit-scrollbar {
        width: 12px;
        height: 12px;
      *::-webkit-scrollbar-track {
        background: var(--scroll-bar-bg-color);
      *::-webkit-scrollbar-thumb {
        background-color: var(--scroll-bar-color);
        border-radius: 20px;
        border: 3px solid var(--scroll-bar-bg-color);

Here is the result of my first paper that i convered from tex to paper.html.